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According to family tradition and the census Adam Bauman was born in Pennsylvania.  In the 1820 census in Newton, Cumberland, Pennsylvania there is an Adam Bauman living with a woman, both are between 16 & 25 years old.  Later censuses indicate that Adam was born ca 1795 and his wife Elizabeth ca 1799, so they would were 25 & 21 in 1820.  They probably married in 1819 or 1820, which would explain why there were no children living with them yet.  I think this Adam in Newton is the person I’m looking for based on their ages and the fact that a Phillip Nigh is living nearby.  Elizabeth’s maiden name was Nigh so I think Phillip may be Elizabeth’s father.  To date, I haven’t been able to determine who Adam’s parents were or to determine when the Bauman’s came to America.

The family tradition passed down from my husband’s cousins is that the Bauman’s were Black Dutch meaning they had dark skin and eyes, and were from Dutch Germany and lived in Pennsylvania.  Locating Adam’s parents has not been easy partially due to the different pieces of information that the descendants remember.

Adam’s great granddaughter, Rosabelle Newell, wrote in a letter that

“Kate, Uncle Willie’s daughter, [Albid’s son William] did some research once. She said they came from Holland and that the name was Van Bauman. Sometime after they arrived in New York – (New Amsterdam?) they dropped the ‘Van’ and just used Bauman.  Wish I knew the year and who and how many were in the party.  In the back of my mind I want to say it was two brothers, one of which later became the father of Grandfather [Albid].  Mother [Julia Isabell] knew there were relatives in Louisiana and thought there were some in Georgia and perhaps Tennessee. ” (Letter to Larry Johnson that is undated)

Adam’s great granddaughter Sula Belle, wrote in a letter:

“Grandmother Bauman [James Madison Bauman’s wife] told me Grandfather’s father had 23 children.  Also, she said he changed his name when he came to America.  That he cut out the Baughman and called it Boman [long o] and settled in Louisiana.” (letter to Ellen Musselman dated September 15, 1995)

How the name was spelled remains a question.  All the census information indicates that Adam was born in the United States so it was a previous generation who first came to America.

In hopes of learning more about Adam, I decided to research forward in time.  In 1826 Adam bought some land in Lincoln County, Tennessee:

For the sum of one cent per acre…”there is granted by the said State of Tennessee, unto Adam Bauman a certain Tract or Parcel of land, containing one hundred & ninety five acres by survey bearing date the 16th day of March 1826 lying in said county on the south side of Elk river on the head waters of said creek.  And bounded as follows to wit: Beginning at ap? John Smiths south east corner turning north west on his line one hundred poles to a dogwood thence east seven poles to a poplar thence north thirty one to a white oak thence east two hundred to two poles and two tenths of a pole to a chestnut then south one hundred and thirty one poles to a hi? thence west two hundred & forty nine poles thence two tenths of a pole to the beginning with the hereditaments and appurtenances.  To have and to hold, the said Tract or Parcel of Land its appurtenances, to the said Adam Bauman and his heirs.  In witness whereof Samuel Houston, Governor of the State of Tennessee hath hereunto set his hand, and caused the great seal of the state to be affixed, at Nashville, on the 23rd day of July in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred twentyeight, and of the independence of the United States the fifty third.” (Land Grant, Volume: No. 8270)

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Also circa 1826, Adam and Elizabeth’s daughter, Anne Mildred was born in Tennessee.  The 1830 Lincoln, County, Tennessee census lists Adam B Bauman’s household with 1 male 15 to 20 (too old to be Adam’s son or hash mark is in the wrong spot); 1 male 30 to 39 (Adam); 2 females under 5 (Anne Mildred and unknown); 1 female 20 to 30 (Elizabeth).  In May 1831 a son Albid was born in Lincoln County, Tennessee.

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Another son, Lemon D was born in 1833 in Illinois.  Then in 1834 Adam received a land grant in Springfield, Sangamon, Illinois.  It was for the north west quarter of the south west quarter of section nineteen in township sixteen north of range four west of the third meridian in the district of lands subject to sale at Springfield, Illinois containing forty acres and eighty two hundredths of an acre.  The grant certificate was signed on October 1, 1834 by Andrew Jackson.  Later, Adam Bauman was the grantor for land (in Book F page 151-152) and the grantee was Joseph Klein (Sangamon County Deed & Misc Record Index 1822-1832).

Ruth Tackitt recalls her Grandfather George telling how his father (Albid), mother (Rebecca nee Stephenson), siblings and neighbors talked of making a barge and traveled down the Mississippi stopping along the way long enough in some cases to grow a garden.  They stopped in New Orleans but didn’t like it so they moved on to Shreveport, Louisiana.

The 1840 census in Shreveport, Caddo Parish, Louisiana shows Adam’s household as: 2 males 5 through 9 (Lemon & Albid); 1 male 15 through 19 (is this a son not previously listed?); 1 male 20 to 30 (too old to be Adam’s son); 1 male 40 to 50 (Adam); 1 female under 5; 1 female 10 through 14 (Anne Mildred); 1 female 40 to 50 (Elizabeth).  It also appeared as though he had at least 1 female slave 10 under 24 and maybe 2 males 24 under 30.

According to the Caddo Conveyences, on September 26, 1850  Moletta Bauman married Shelby Wilson.  Adam Bauman paid the bond and Alfred Cole Pearce was a witness.  Alfred Pearce was Adam’s son-in-law who was married to Anne Mildred.  The 1830 census indicates there were 2 females under 5 while the 1840 census shows one female under 5.  The female listed in 1830 would have been between 20 & 24 in 1850 but the girl under 5 in the 1840 census would be, at the oldest, 14 in 1850 I haven’t been able to find Moletta or Shelby anywhere else.

The 1850 census shows Adam, Elizabeth and their sons Albid and Lemon, all listed by name in Shreveport, Louisiana.  Their daughter, Anne Mildred Pearce and her husband and children are also in Shreveport.

Click to read 5 pg document

Eventually, siblings Albid & Anne moved to Texas while Lemon remained in Shreveport.  Adam died in 1866 and Elizabeth in March 1867.  In July 1867 Anne M. Pearce, Albid N. Bauman and Lemon D. Bauman were listed as Adam and Elizabeth’s ‘only children and lawful heirs’ in a legal document regarding the sale and transfer of land that Adam owned in Caddo Parish, Louisiana.  Whether Adam and Elizabeth had other children or not, they were not living in 1867.

  1. Anne Mildred and Alfred Cole Pearce had 10 children, 2 died in infancy.
  2. Albid & his first wife Rebecca had 11 children (my husband’s descends from one of their children).  Albid and his second wife Martha had 10 children (some family traditions indicate Albid had 23 children with two wives but that is counting his second wife’s 2 children in her first marriage.  Albid’s last child was born 8 months and 3 weeks after Albid died).
  3. Lemon and his wife Lucetta had 7 children.

You would think that with all those grandchildren that someone would have some family information on their ancestors.  I’ve met a few family researchers with great treasures and I am thrilled to have copies of those.  Surely, I can learn who Adam & Elizabeth’s parents were and what their heritage was.

If you descend from this line please contact me.  If you have ideas for where to check next, I’d love to hear it.

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